Donation Process



Blood Center

Blood Donation Camps

Blood Mobiles Van

A person can donate blood either in a licensed blood center, blood donation camps or at a blood mobile.

blood centers
  1. Any person can walk-in voluntarily any time round the clock at their own convenience to donate blood in a licensed blood center.
  2. Beside, an In-house camp can be organized in a blood center on pre-fixed dates with the Organisers and blood center in charge.
Outdoor camps

Prefixed venues by Organisers like educational institutions, industrial and commercial houses etc. blood centers organize camps in these sites/ premises on a fixed day as decided by SBTC.

Blood Mobiles

You can donate blood to Blood Mobiles Vans operated by blood centers.


Drink plenty of fluids like water, soup and fruit juices to replace the volume lost during donation.

Avoid lifting heavy weights with the donation arm or engaging in strenuous physical activities to prevent complications.

If you feel dizzy, unwell or have cold sweats, follow the steps listed below.
  1. Take a seat or Iie down immediately, preferably with your feet raised, until the feeling passes. Loosen any restrictive garments and keep breathing smoothly.
  2. Keep calm and take slow and long deep breaths.
  3. Seek assistance from any passer-by or people near you.
  4. If the condition does not improve or for any reason something doesn't feel right, call the Blood Bank.

In uncommon situations where fresh bleeding occurs after the plaster is removed, put gentle pressure on the venepuncture site, raise your arm for 3-5 minutes and apply a bandage to the site.

The bandage or the dressing can be removed after 6 hours. If you notice bruising around the venepuncture site, it is usually caused by bleeding into the tissue underneath the skin.

It will usually resolve in a week's time. If you feel pain or discomfort, applying a cold compress to the area may help. If the venepuncture site becomes swollen or blue or you experience pain or numbness in the arm, call the blood bank.

Screening

Blood safety means ensuring that it is safe for the donor to donate blood given current health status as well as that donated blood carries minimal risk of adverse effects for the recipient in terms of matching blood groups and is free of Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs). TTIs are infections which occur in a recipient of a blood transfusion if the transfused blood contains a pathogen. Many organisms like bacteria, viruses and parasites can be transmitted through blood transfusions.

The Drugs and Cosmetics Act of India mandates that all blood units that are collected in blood banks for the purpose of transfusion should be screened for the following organisms:

  1. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  2. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus
  3. Treponema Pallidum (which causes Syphilis)
  4. Plasmodium species (which causes Malaria)

Blood which is detected as having any of these infections is destroyed to prevent infecting others.

Separation

Blood is often separated into its individual components, so patients can be given what they need, for example red blood cells or platelets.

Red Blood Cells (RBCs) contain haemoglobin, which distributes oxygen to body tissues, and carries waste carbon dioxide back to the lungs. RBCs are transfused in case of trauma cases, surgery or to treat severe anemia.

Platelets are crucial in helping blood to clot: they do this by clumping together to stop bleeding after an injury.

Plasma is the fluid that carries all blood cells and components. Plasma contains a large number of proteins and substances which are often important ingredients in medical procedures. Plasma is transfused to patients to treat shock due to plasma loss from burns or massive bleeding.

Plasma includes:

Albumin - a protein useful for treating kidney and liver disease
Clotting factors - used to treat types of haemophilia and diseases where blood doesn't clot properly
Immunoglobins - these antibodies help protect against infections

Storage
Issuing of Blood components

On request generated by authorized medical personnel your blood components will be issued to a recipient subject to blood group compatibility and blood bank inventory protocols.

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